MAJOR SCHEMES AND SERVICES OF DEPARTMENT OF FISHERIES
1. Conservation and Management of Fish Resources
The components of the scheme include Enforcement of KMFR Act and Resource conservation with focus on conservation of fishery resources. The components of the scheme provided under Enforcement of KMFR Act are meeting the expenses of enforcement of KMFR Act, communication expenses in five fisheries stations, maintenance of wireless communication network, MatsyaVingyan Kendras and registration and licensing of Fishing vessels. Under Resource Conservation, due to over fishing there is scarcity in the commercially important varieties of fishes and prawns. Hence, Sea ranching is widely accepted to be an effective method for replenishment of depleting stock of commercially important species of shrimp. It is proposed to release quality seeds in the selected water bodies of coastal districts of Kerala. The programme will be implemented with the active participation of LSGIs. It includes production of quality seeds, releasing of seeds in proper places, documentation, monitoring etc. The state has 44 rivers with an estimated area of 85000 ha which could be used for ranching of fish and fresh water prawn seeds. It would enhance stock and increase capture fisheries from the inland water bodies of the state. The scheme also includes enforcement of backwater patrolling and the prevention of illegal fishing in estuaries, bar mouths and backwaters
The scheme is implemented through Department of Fisheries
2. Marine Fishing Implements
Modernization of crafts and Insurance coverage to fishing implements are included in this scheme. The objective of the component modernisation of craft is to assist replacement of outboard motors of already motorized crafts. The scheme provides subsidy @ 30,000/-per unit of outboard motors below 10 HP. It is to provide subsidy for 400 units during 2012-13. The outlay provided is for meeting the State share of the 50% Centrally sponsored scheme on motorisation of country craft.
In the second component insurance coverage for fishing implements such as crafts and engines of traditional sectors are included. In Kerala there are about 25000 traditional fishing crafts, 15000 engines and other 25000 sets of fishing nets. The insurance premium is 1.8% of the unit cost and the amount assured is 75% of the agreed value. The premium is
met by Government and the beneficiary in the ratio of 75:25.
The beneficiaries of the project are registered fishermen and the scheme is implemented through Matsyafed.
3. Integrated Fisheries development
Matysafed is the implementing agency
The ongoing four schemes were merged under Integrated fisheries development for focused intervention through convergence. This scheme includes the following five
NCDC assisted Integrated Fisheries Development Project
Seed capital for NBCFDC and NMDFC scheme
Community capital for institutional credit (Interest free loan)
Net Factory (New component)
The NCDC assisted Integrated Fisheries Development Project aims at meeting the credit needs for development of marketing facilities of fishermen members of the primary co-operatives affiliated to Matsyafed. The primary co-operatives under the aegis of Matsyafed raise bank loans for their members to meet the credit needs for replacement of fishing assets by the members. Such loans reduce the indebtedness to intermediaries and increase their net income. The activities provided under the project are modernization of fishing implements, Group ownership system of fishing implements, increase in the net income of fishermen with better price realization for their catch, strengthening of primary fishermen co-operatives etc. The components of the project are replacement/ renewal of existing fishing implements, input security , margin money for working capital of fish marketing, infrastructure development for post harvest operations and marketing, women employment generation programme, infrastructure facilities, extension and training and project management cost.
Bankable scheme envisages to meet subsidy for bank loans for the purchase of fishing inputs by traditional fishermen. Matsyafed will release 25% of the loan as subsidy to the banks. During the plan period, it is intended to channelise assistance of NABARD/ Commercial banks to the traditional fisheries sector.
Matsyafed is implementing various employment generation programmes with the financial assistance of National Backward Classes Finance Development Corporation and National Minority Development Finance corporation against guarantee by the State. The pattern of funds is NBCFDC/NMDFC share 85%, Matsyafed share 10% and the beneficiary share 5%. The fund provided is for meeting the seed money assistance.
The Interest free loan included to provide seed capital for the emergencies of credit linkages to facilitate the flow of adequate institutional credit in the form of a self renewing community support system to prevent erosion of income by way of informal credit. The fund will be permitted as interest free loan to the beneficiary @ ` 5000/- to meet the working capital requirement. The fund will be mobilized from the commercial banks and
the interest portion will be paid as subsidy. This component will be implemented in
association with SAF.
A new component establishment of a New Net Factory at Thiruvananthapuram is also provided during in the plan 2012-13. The project will be implemented with the support of credit institutions and Matysafed.
4. Inland Fish Production
The integrated scheme on inland fish production is proposed to increase production from 1.5 lakh tonnes to 3 lakh tonnes in Twelfth plan by merging the ongoing schemes on integrated scampi / fish farming, fish seed farms and hatcheries and Matysasamrudhi project.
Under the Integrated Fish farming/scampi, it is provided to create new employment opportunities on additional production of scampi/ fish shrimp aquaculture in pokkali lands of Alappuzha, Ernakulam and Kole lands of Thrissur Districts and Kannur during 2012-13.
The Agency for Development of Aquaculture, Kerala (ADAK) will implement the scheme with the support of LSGIs. This is a credit linked scheme and financial assistance will be routed through bank as back end subsidy. In order to supplement the seed production in the department hatcheries, establishment of Fish seed rearing units as a farmer participatory programme for fish seed production was introduced during the 9th plan and continued subsequently. The components of the scheme are for maintenance cost of existing farms for seed rearing, brood stock, equipment expenses for breeding programme, modernisation of NFSF at Malampuzha and to meet the expenses of Malampuzha aquarium.
MatsyaSamrudhi is a new component for an integrated development of inland fisheries and aquaculture, ensuring the support of LSGIs. The scheme will be implemented in 14 districts of the state covering 700 Gramapanchayats over the period of 3 years from 2012 -13 to 2014-15. The proposed targets are promotion of fish culture in 6000 ha of inland water bodies, 300 ha of padasekharams to develop for shrimp/prawn culture, 3000 ha brackish water area will be utilized for shrimp culture. As a part of this project, it is provided for extension of Karimeen production in ponds, cages etc.
Major components of the project are:-
1. Diversification of fresh water aquaculture in inland sector
2. Diversification of fresh water aquaculture.
3. Increasing the productivity and production
4. Development of extension and Training
5. Strengthening fish farmers clubs
6. Augmenting Karimeen production
The outlay also includes the State share for meeting support from NFDB. An integrated project will be prepared for approval with backward and forward linkages for augmenting inland fish production. This scheme includes the following four components.
1 Integrated scampi / fish farming
2 Fish seed farms , nursery and Hatcheries
3 Matsya Samrudhi
4 National Fisheries Development Board
5. Fishing Harbours
Neendakara, Thankassery, Munambam, Puthiyappa, Chombal and Mopla Bay are the fishing harbours completed and commissioned. The fishing harbours supported will be Koyilandi, Thalai, Cheruvathoor, Chettuvai, Chethi and Muthalapozhi. The establishment charges of all harbours except the above have to be met from non plan. The work of Chethi, Chettuvai, Koilandi and Thalai will be completed soon.
6. Investigation of new fishing harbours and landing centres
New harbours/fish landing centres are taken up only after conducting detailed investigation and proper evaluation on the socio economic, techno-economic impacts and based on detailed environment studies. The outlay provided is for investigation works, model studies, EIA studies for the development of Fishery Harbour and landing centres and to channelize appropriate funding from GOI and financial institutions for implementation. It is also provided to continue the ongoing investigation studies and to take up investigation at newly proposed sites and for the procurement of survey and lab equipments
7. Management of Fishery Harbour
Most of the completed Fishery Harbours and Fish landing centres require periodic maintenance dredging for maintaining the required draft in the harbour basis and approach channels. Also the completed and partially commissioned harbours need a change in the hygienic standard of operation in the harbour. This was necessitated due to the stringent clause issued by the EEV for fish and allied products. The detailed project proposal for dredging works at Neendakara, Thottappally, Kayamkulam, Munambam, Azheekkal, Beypore and Chombalhas been prepared for approval of Government. The outlay provided
is for the dredging activities and management for the proper maintenance and upkeep of
harbor facilities for the smooth and effective operation of the harbour.
8. Fish landing centres
Government of India has sanctioned 15 fish landing centres, out of which eight were completed and two were abandoned. The outlay provided is for the completion of the worksof the fish landing centre at Chembu and Murinjapuzha. The support for new landing centres will be provided for centres selected from a prioritized list selected by the expert committee.
NABARD is giving financial assistance for the construction of new fishing harbours, coastal bridges and roads undertaken by Harbour Engineering Department on loan basis with repayment condition. Construction of Thalai and Koyilandy fishing harbor sanctioned under NABARD are progressing. NABARD under RIDF XV sanctioned the projects viz, fishery harbor at Chellanam, Perumathura, Thazampally Bridge etc are in progressing. The outlay provided will be utilized for implementing projects approved by NABARD as well as for implementing ongoing NABARD assisted projects.
10. Modernisation of fish markets and value addition
During the year 2012-13, it is provided to establish 50 modern hygienic fish marketing centres with 90% NFDB assistance in a phase manner. The proposed market places can ensure hygienic environment for dealing with fish and fish products. The provision is also meant for meeting the state share of the schemes approved by NFDB regarding the development of fish marketing centres. The provision will also be utilized for quality upgradation, value addition and diversification to utilize the potential. The outlay provided is also to establish common facility centres for the production of value added fish products.
11. Coastal social infrastructure
The amount provided is for the development of coastal areas covering construction of dispensaries, guide lights etc. The existing fishery dispensaries are insufficient to meet the health care requirements of the fishermen.
12. Theeramythri and Micro enterprises
In order to address the diversified livelihood needs of the coastal area especially the fisherfolk there are 60 projects undertaken under the TEAP/TRP rehabilitation package. The major components of the stabilization package will be implemented in the initial phase and during the second phase expansion of the livelihoods.
The objectives of the scheme are
(1) Integrated development of sustainable livelihoods for the fisherfolks of Kerala.
(2) Promote livelihood diversifications and alternate livelihood to improve in income
level of fishermen families.
(3) Improve the skills and provide new livelihood skills through capacity development
(4) Facilitate technology up gradation to reduce drudgery and improve efficiency and
(5) Instil quality consciousness both in production process and in living condition.
(6) Develop management and leadership skills through training.
(7) Promote common production centres.
(8) Provide marketing support for products and services.
The projects are implemented through SAF
There are 10 Fisheries Technical High Schools in the state. These are boarding schools and the students are given free mess and other facilities by the department through local Government. Construction of school and hostel buildings and the repairs of capital nature are also carried out by the Department. It is provided to restructure the functioning of these schools to make them viable. The outlay provided is for the construction of a new building for the Regional Fisheries Technical School at Beypore, improving the infrastructure of the existing fisheries Technical High Schools and the monthly mess charges of students.
The Department of Fisheries is the implementing agency
14. Saving Cum Relief Scheme to Fishermen
The scheme is intended to provide off season relief to fishermen (Marine & Inland).An amount of Rs 600 is collected from the beneficiaries in 8/9 installments. The State Government contributes an amount of Rs 600 and The Central Government Rs 600. Thus the Government share is Rs 1200. Both BPL fishermen and APL fishermen are enrolled in the scheme. But, GOI provides central share only for BPL beneficiaries. The Government share for BPL beneficiaries is met the State Government. An amount of Rs 1800 is released to the fishermen in 3 installments during lean season which is April to June in the marine sector and June to August in inland sector. Beneficiaries should have bank account for enrolling in the scheme the relief is cored to beneficiary accounts from the Nodal Bank. The number of beneficiaries in 2012-13 is about 165,000 and the beneficiaries are registered fishermen.
The implementing agency is Department of Fisheries
15. National Fishermen Welfare Fund Assisted Housing Scheme
The programme is meant for providing housing to fishermen under the model village development programme. The unit cost per house is Rs. 50000/-.The State Government have enhanced the unit cost to Rs 2 lakh and is given to the beneficiary as 100% grant.
The beneficiaries are registered fishermen. The implementing agency is Department of Fisheries
16. Group Insurance Scheme for Fishermen
Active Fishermen in the State are insured by the Kerala Fishermen Welfare Fund Board (KFWFB). The Group Insurance Scheme is implemented at a premium of 50 per person and other scheme is for fishermen against accidental death, heart attach (while fishing at sea), missing, permanent and partial disability. The compensation for death/missing/total disability is Rs. 1 lakh and for partial disability is Rs. 50,000. The annual insurance premium is shared equally by the Central and State Governments.
The implementing agency is Matysaboard.
17. Group Insurance Scheme for Allied Workers in Fishery Sector
Allied fishery workers who are members of the Kerala Fishermen Welfare Fund Board (KFWFB) are insured by the Board. The annual premium is to be paid to the insurance company. There are 70,000 allied workers registered in the Board. The premium is ` 137.50 per person.
The implementing agency is Matysaboard.
18. Extension and Training
Effective extension support for the promotion of Aquaculture in freshwater and brackish water areas is the major activity contemplated under the scheme. Fisheries Information centres are envisaged under this scheme. The outlay is for establishment of information centres/data dissemination centres in Fishermen villages, animation camps in fisheries villages, seminars, exhibitions and workshop, operational cost of NIFAM and awareness centres excluding salary, awareness programs and medical camps & Training for peeling workers, communication network for extension will be established by linking fishing villages, marketing centres and the district offices, cost of training programmes based on the training need assessment, Fish festivals and aquashows.
19. Modernisation of Fisheries Department
The scheme envisages e-governance initiative of the Department which includes computer training and software development , online communication net work and purchase of materials for hardware. The networking to connect all District Offices, Joint Director Offices, Marine enforcement superintendent of Police Office etc. with the Head Quarters are under implementation. The outlay will also be utilized for completing the network by bringing all Matsyabhavans, Fishing Stations, Farms and Hatcheries etc.
The Department of Fisheries is the implementing agency.
20. 13th Finance Commission Award
Outlay 2012-13, an amount of `5000 lakh is set apart for the schemes to be implemented under 13th Fianance Commission Award. The award will be used to develop model fishing villages and setting up of fish marketing centres. Detailed project report will
be prepared for approval.
21. Kerala University of Fisheries & Ocean Studies
The Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies was incorporated during 2010 by delinking from Kerala Agricultural University. The University has initiated new research and education programmes. The following components are included in the scheme.
22.Coastal Area Development
1. Rural Infrastructure Development fund
The development of coastal roads and other infrastructure included in the priority list of NABARD will be taken up under RIDF for which a separate provision of ` 1100 lakh is
provided. In the case of new projects, detailed project reports have to be recommended by
Government to NABARD for sanction.
2. Share capital contribution to Kerala State Coastal Area Development Corporation
The Kerala State Coastal Area Development Corporation aims to function as an apex body in the preparation of projects, monitoring, evaluating and financing infrastructural
developments in the coastal sector. The corporation would mobilize resources for the development of infrastructure in coastal and inland area of Kerala and co-ordinate and facilitate the activities of various Government Departments, NGOs etc. The objectives of the corporation are to strengthen the Coastal Area Development activities coverage the various functioning sources for the activities implement the programme more effectively and efficiently and widen the areas of activities.
3. Coastal Area Development Authority
The Coastal Area Development Authority has been constituted by Government in 2011 for the development of the infrastructure facilities in the coastal areas of Kerala.
4. Integrated Development of fishing village (New)
The objective of the scheme is to develop the coastal region of the state in an integrated manner. During 2012-13, a new scheme is provided on Integrated development of fishing villages. In the State there are 222 Fishing villages are identified in 102 LSGIs. The acute problems faced in the coastal area are lack of housing, scarcity of safe drinking water, sanitation, energy (Electrification of houses) and the poor livelihood activities. An amount of ` 5000 lakh is provided for 2012-13 for the development of 25 fishing villages @ Rs. 200 lakh per village. The outlay of Rs. 200 lakh for selected each villages will be utilized for drinking water, electrification, sanitation, library support and livelihood. Housing and roads will not be covered under the scheme. The livelihood component will be converged with Theeramythri scheme wherever possible. The 25 villages will be selected based on a transparent criteria. Larger infrastructure projects in these villages will be taken up under RIDF for which separate provision has been earmarked. Village wise detailed project report will be prepared for approval before release of funds. The outputs and outcomes will be specified for each village development projects.