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The unique feature of Kerala is the presence of large number of estuaries and backwaters covering almost the entire coast.  It is well endowed with abundant inland water resources with a variety of aquatic life.  The rivers, rivulets, streams, etc., originating from the Western Ghats are well known for their biodiversity.  

Decreasing production trend from capture fisheries, anthropogenic factors, climate change etc makes aquaculture a prominent source of food supply. Growth of aquaculture may ease pressure on the threatened wild stock and increase food supply to cope with the increasing demands. Fish forms an important item of the diet and offer employment to coastal inhabitants.  The development of fisheries and aquaculture ensures food and nutritional security. Fish is one of the cheapest and most easily digestible animal protein.

Kerala government implemts JANAKEEYA MATSYAKRISHI project with the following components :